Skin discoloration treatment
Laser treatment of skin discoloration problems affecting the face and body performed by Dr. Jean-Francois Tremblay, dermatologist dedicated to the practice of cosmetic dermatology, laser and cosmetic surgery at the MédIME clinic in Montreal.
(N.B. All photos are published only to provide information on the nature of the intervention. They do not constitute a guarantee of results.)
Pigmentation problems caused by sun exposure and ageing, explains Dr. Tremblay, can be treated in various ways depending on the severity of the problem, the skin type and the patient’s own specific needs. Treatments include:
Treatments for pigmentation problems
- Laser treatments
- Medical peels
- Lightening creams
What is photoaging?
Photoaging refers to skin changes caused by repeated unprotected exposure to the sun over the years. Signs of photoaging include:
- brown pigmentation on the face, neck and back of the hands;
- small red blood vessels on the skin’s surface (broken capillaries);
- loss of skin clarity (skin becomes yellowish / sallow…);
- rough skin texture and loss of elasticity
- there may even be precancerous or cancerous growths present (if in doubt, consult your dermatologist!).
How can the changes caused by ageing be prevented or at least delayed?
- daily sunscreen use
- hydrating the skin
- avoid smoking
- daily use of anti-aging products
- anti-ageing laser treatments, peels and other treatments
How can brown spots on the face, neck and the backs of the hands be treated?
IPL photo rejuvenation is the most common treatment as it safely and effectively treats pigmentation problems with very few side effects. Creams and peels can also reduce the appearance of brown spots, but they are less effective.
What exactly is IPL photo rejuvenation?
This procedure is performed using a high-tech device that emits a bright light on the skin. This light affects the abnormal pigmentation of the skin’s dermis caused by sun damage and helps eliminate it using the skin’s natural exfoliation process. This is a very effective procedure for brown spots on the face, neck, backs of the hands and forearms. During the treatment, patients feel a warm or pinching sensation. After the treatment, the brown spots darken for about a week or so and then gradually disappear. A series of 3-5 treatments at 3- to 4-week intervals is generally recommended for optimal results.
What are the side effects and risks of this procedure?
The main advantage of IPL photo rejuvenation is that patients need not take time off work and are able to resume their daily activities immediately. However, all patients experience slight to moderate redness of the skin that lasts for approximately 24-48 hours. This redness generally isn’t bothersome and can easily be covered with makeup if desired. For some people with darker spots, or more spots than usual, this reaction may be more noticeable after the first treatment. Your medical specialist may advise you in this case to have the procedure over the weekend in order to avoid any inconvenience Daily sun protection is important for the duration of the treatments in order to achieve optimal results.
What skincare products do you recommend to prevent signs of aging? What are the best creams?
Daily use of a cream containing SPF is a basic recommendation when it comes to preventing photoaging and skin cancer. The Canadian Dermatology Association recommends using an SPF of at least 30 that offers protection against both UVAs and UVBs.